Peer-reviewed Journal of Sciences
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Peer-reviewed Journal of Sciences
Characterization of Bauhinia monandra Seed and Pod for Bioenergy Potential - European Journal of Sciences (EJS)

Characterization of Bauhinia monandra Seed and Pod for Bioenergy Potential

Oluwasina O. O1*, Bello L. A1, Ayodele O2 and Ojo O. O3

Author affiliation

1Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
2Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
3School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
*Corresponding author email:


In this research, Bauhinia monandra seed and pod were investigated for the first time as a source for bioenergy production. Proximate analysis revealed that the biomass seed contains high volatile matter of 88.96 % and pod 92.64 %, the low ash content of 3.16 % for the seed and 0.89 % for the pod, with fixed carbon of 1.87 % for seed and 0.71 % for the pod. The ultimate analysis showed carbon, sulfur, and hydrogen are 41.45 %, 1.79 % and 6.28 % for the seed, while the pod had 42.25 %, 1.77 %, and 6.21 % respectively. Higher Heating Value ranges from 14.26 – 14.69 MJ/kg were obtained for the biomass using three mathematical formulas. The Pyrolysis behavior of the biomass revealed four degradation peaks attributed to the removal of water molecules and the degradation of hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin respectively. The kinetic parameters (activation energy (Ea) and frequency factor (A) determined from TG/DTG data revealed a relatively high Ea (35.5 – 41.56 KJ/mol). The structural composition of the seed indicated 43.50 %, cellulose, 20.00 % hemicellulose, 19.50 % lignin, and 16.00 % extractive material, and pod had 37.50 % cellulose, 33.50 %


Bauhinia monandra, Ultimate-analysis, Chemical composition, Thermogravimetry, Morphological, proximate

Recieved: July 26, 2018
Revised: Jan 16, 2019
Accepted: Jan 21, 2019
Published on: June 6, 2019
European Journal of Sciences (EJS) 2019, In Press

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License.

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