Monthly Scientific Academic Journal

Applications of pyrolysis for carbonaceous wastes in solid waste management – A mini-review

Rushikesh Joshi, Ganesh R. Kale*, Atul N. Vaidya

Authors affiliation
From the Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440020, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author email: gr_kale@neeri.res.in

Abstract

In this study a simple, environment friendly and cost-effective method has been developed to synthesize metallic nanoparticles (NPs) from plant leaves. The study proposes that magnetite NPs can be synthesized using banana leaves as reducing agent. The effect of temperature and concentration of reducing agent on absorbance of solution was studied; optimization of the parameters was done using response surface methodology (RSM) as per central composite design (CCD). The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometer (FTIR) indicated formation of iron oxide crystalline NPs in which polyols such as flavones, terpenoids and polysaccharides acted as reducing and capping agent. The characterization of synthesized magnetite NPs was also done through transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nanoparticle size analyzer and UV-Visible spectroscopy.

Keywords
Pyrolysis, Co-Pyrolysis, Solid Waste Management, Pyrolysis oil, Non-Volatile gases, Char.


Received: Jan 16, 2018
Revised: Feb 1, 2018
Accepted: Feb 5, 2018
Published on: April 20, 2018
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.29198/ejs1802
European Journal of Sciences (EJS), vol. 1, no. 1, pp.26-34

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